Cultural Heritage of Rajasthan Need to Be Preserved


Geetanjali Post… India is known for its cultural heritage of different kinds, which are finest example of rich cultural heritage and a symbol of India’s cultural identity and continuity. As Cultural heritage is unique and irreplaceable, this is the responsibility of the present generation for preservation.Rajasthan is a Hub of Folk art, theatre,music,dance and craft andfamous for its culture,traditions, Painting and Craft work to all over the world. Nobles of Rajasthan were patrons of art and encouraged their tradition and always promote them. There are so many famous form of art namely miniature paintings, patachitra, wood-block printing, madna etc. SAAN is an ancient Rajasthani art that developed during the Mughal Era, after theinnovation of Mirror.After 16th and 17th century a unique art form was taken shape in Rajasthan’s forts and temples,the artists of that era gave their lots of efforts to develop Mirror art, this beautiful carved art developed and becamefamous on that time.But in the present scenarioSAAN art is struggling for its identity.
Saan Art, Begri Family, Rajasthan, Mirror Art
Rajasthan is among the richest states in the country as far as the field of art and craft is concerned. During our visit we observed a lot of noticeable art forms in the cities of the Rajasthan and also observed the love and affection of the people towards their culture and tradition. This kind of bonding we cannot see in other parts of the country.
Today, various varieties and fine examples of artistry can be seen in the various forms of paintings in the cities. The two main forms of paintings that are the reflection of rich art forms of Rajasthan culture continuity are the formal school of miniature paintings that flourished in courts all over India includingDeccan and the folk traditions that resulted in a unique style of the painting of Rajasthan. When we studied the history of Rajasthan it also revealed that the kings and their nobles were patrons of art and crafts and they encouraged their craftsmen in activities ranging from wood and marble carving to weaving, pottery and painting and other art forms.”Saan Art” is a form of art which is struggling for their existence.”Saan” art was developed in Kota and other cities of Rajasthan fine examples of Saan Art can be seen in Rajasthan fort and Temples. During the period Art forms dividedinto two parts one is Inlay Art from Jaipur and another one is Saan Art. Now Inlay art become world famous and beautifully carved in AMER Fort Jaipur and appreciated by the tourists and art lovers, on the other hand “Saan Art also beautifully carved in “Gadh palace Kota” and many moreiswaiting for it lovers who can provide it a new direction.The most exquisite colourful mirrors used in Saan Art are imported from Belgium. These Belgian rich colour, transparent mirrors belongs to the 18th,19th and early 20th century. Now these mirrors are not easily available and cost is not effordable for artists.
Begri Family: Begri Family, living in Kota. Begri refers to those people who are involved in cutting of precious stone, “Sheesh Mahal Banane Wale” Begri was a tittle or a “Khitab” given to those families who practiced the art of glass work.
The ancestors of the Begri’s come from “Bachola” a village near Tonk. As the legend goes, some of the craftsmen came with a Raj kumari who was married to the prince of Kota.
Initially, they worked as “Bhandaris” or store keeper, who gradually changed over to the craft of “kanch kala” and soon became expert in their own way. most of these families changed over to other professions. Thus this craft saw it’s end.
San Ka Kam or Glass Grinding and decorating is an art about 400 years old. The Begris excelled in decorating sheesh Mahals with ground glass pieces which were embedded directly into decorative tiles. The glass used in olden times was coloured Belgian glass, which had an exquisite aura. But this work was very slow and expensive.
Causes of Deterioration
Deterioration is an alteration process in the objects produced by interaction between the object and the factor of destruction. The different types of deterioration are shown or observed in the form of wear and tear, brittleness, staining, discoloration, bio-accumulation, holes, missing pieces, dust accumulation, internal stress etc. Objects of organic origin are prone to more relatively susceptible and subject to irreversible and inevitable decay in due course of time. Manuscripts and artifacts are susceptible to deterioration by physical factors, chemical factors and biological factors.
The materials organic in nature are mainly composed paper, parchment, palm leaves, birch bark, leather and adhesives used in the process bookbinding, are susceptible to two main forms of deterioration. The build heritage not composed of organic matters bt the main reason of deterioration are temperature, humidity, environmental pollurion and the main and very important factor is human aggression and neglegent. First is biological deterioration called biodeterioration, caused by insect attack or fungal growth, and the other form of deterioration is basically caused by adverse environmental conditions such as extremes of dampness or wide fluctuations in relative humidity in the surrounding associated with large variations in day and night temperatures, light and atmospheric pollutants.
Based on our observation it can be said that this beautiful 400 years old Art need to be preserved, because Begrie’s are onlyfamily who knows this art. Begri’s are the 15th and may be the last genration who knows the depth and details of Saan Art.This art faces problems regarding the availability of the raw material This family fully devoted for this art and have the only source of income.In such a difficult situation a family is working to reintroduce the art to everyone. This art also be the attraction point to the tourists which also help to promote the tourism industry in that parts of the country. As it is observed in several part of the world trips are more memorable if they include a heritage activity where they learn something from others Arts, cultures, Traditions etc.Begris family wants supports from govt. to protect this wonderfulartand heritage for new genration. If we can preserved this art from of Rajasthan we can also promote the travel industry of the Rajasthan.

Namrata Kunwar, Kota
Namrata Kunwar, Kota